The name of the beautiful bird in the picture is Arctic terns (Sterna paradisaea). The Icelandic name is Kría. We admire it for how strongly they take care and look after their chicks. When photographing them when they are nesting you need to have something on your head or a stick that is higher than yourself because they are really aggressive. The bird in the picture is somehow posing for the camera.
The Arctic terns are medium-sized. Colouring is mainly grey and white plumaged. They have red/orangish beak and feet, white forehead, black nape and crown streaked with white and white cheeks. These birds are a long-lived birds. A lot of them reaching fifteen to thirty years of age. There food is mainly fish and small marine. The species is abundant, with estimated one million individuals. While the trend in the number of individuals in the species as whole is not known, exploitation in the past has reduced this bird’s numbers in the southern reaches of range.
The Arctic terns flies a long way. Recent studies have shown average annual roundtrip lengths of about 70,900 km for birds nesting in Iceland and Greenland and 90,000 km for birds nesting in the Netherlands. They are by far the longest migrations known in the animal kingdom.
The Arctic tern flies as well as glides through the air. They nest once every one to three years. When the bird has finished nesting they take to the sky for another long southern migration.